Hyperpigmentation is something we all suffer from since childhood, probably because of the birth control pill. It’s darker around my mouth. We also suffer from dark scars as a result of acne, this is also a form of hyperpigmentation. But there could be some meladerm side effects too. So it would be interesting to tell you a little more about hyperpigmentation and ingredients to reduce it.
What is Melanin?
Melanin is made of cells called melanocytes. These cells are located in our deepest layers of skin. Meladerm cream is produced in the form of pigmented granules that move slowly from the inside out until they reach the keratinocytes. The skin layer under our dead skin cells (lamellar granules) consists for the most part of keratinocytes with grains of melanin, where they form a natural protective layer against sunlight. Meladerm cream protects our skin cells by absorbing UV radiation and dissipating it as heat.
Everyone has the same number of melanocytes. Melanin ranges in color from yellow to reddish brown to black. The yellow undertone or degree of ‘brownness’ is all determined by the amount and color of melanin in your skin and the duration of melanin storage in keratinocytes. Sunlight stimulates melanocytes to produce even more melanin. The skin receives a signal to build a thicker shield to protect itself even better against UV radiation. More sun means more melanin and that means more pigment in the skin, which results in a ‘nice tan’.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is in fact an undesirable accumulation of melanin in the skin, causing discoloration and/or dark spots. There are different types of hyperpigmentation and each type has a different cause:
Age spots – hyperpigmentation on the face and often on the hands. These spots are caused due to the years of exposure to harmful UV radiation (both UVA and UVB) and therefore mainly occur in older women.
Melasma – hormonal hyperpigmentation in the face. This can be caused using the contraceptive pill, or when you stop taking it. But women can also suffer from melasma during menopause.
Chloasma or mask of pregnancy – hyperpigmentation in the face during pregnancy. This form of hyperpigmentation usually disappears after childbirth.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – some people make extra melanin in the skin when there is inflammation (such as acne).
Solution against hyperpigmentation?
As there could be some side effects of meladerm cream so it recommended that prevention is of course better than cure. Because sunlight increases the production of melanin. it is important to protect your skin against UV radiation with a high SPF. This can be a sun product, or the SPF can be in your day cream and/or foundation. Normally you have to reapply an SPF every 2 hours, but in practice, this is actually impossible. It’s hard for me to apply a new layer of foundation to my face every 2 hours, and applying a layer of sunscreen over my makeup is of course impossible. Anyway, something is better than nothing, so just apply a nice SPF and then you have covered at least the first 2 hours.